Painting the coast redwoods on the Russian River, Sonoma County.

A Chronology of Tilden Daken’s Life

From Illinois to the Gold Country (1876—1902). Samuel Tilden Daken was born in Illinois on June 14, 1876. His family moved to Sacramento when he was three. In his youth, he mined for gold in the Sierra foothills. Instead of going to school, he developed an interest in interior design and a talent for fresco work. By his teens he was painting wall murals on limestone in the homes of San Francisco’s high society (most were destroyed in the 1906 earthquake and fire). In 1901, Daken met a young writer named Jack London atop a haystack in the Reno rail yard. Together they rode the brake beams of a freight car over Donner Pass to Oakland.

Early San Francisco years (1903—1906). Tilden married dressmaker Mary Elizabeth Duplissea in San Francisco in 1903. In 1906, the couple’s Mission Street home and the artist’s Van Ness Avenue art studio were destroyed in the catastrophic earthquake and fire. In the aftermath, the Dakens lived as refugees in “Tent City” in Golden Gate Park.

Sonoma County years (1906—1911). Following the earthquake, the Dakens moved 50 miles north to the town of Glen Ellen in Sonoma County, where their daughters, Edith and Sydney, were born in 1907 and 1908. During this formative time in the artist’s young career, Tilden resumed his friendship with Jack London, gained recognition as the “Painter of the Valley of the Moon,” and developed a passion for painting in the California redwoods. In early 1909, the family moved to Santa Rosa, a Sonoma County town that thrived following post-earthquake reconstruction. There Tilden opened a studio, taught art classes at the prestigious Ursuline College, and attempted to launch the “Daken Art Institute.”

Return to San Francisco (1911—1913). After five years in Sonoma County, the Daken family returned to San Francisco in 1911. Tilden opened a studio on Gough Street, pursued remote wilderness expeditions, and held regular exhibitions.

Mexican Revolution (1913—1914). In 1913, Tilden left his family and joined sympathetic Americans—bohemians, writers and artists—who flocked to Mexico during the revolution. While living in Mazatlan and planning a Mexican exhibit for 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition, he was caught in the crossfire, wounded, and became a prisoner of war under Carranza’s rule.

Panama-Pacific International Exposition (1915). In 1915, Tilden joined with hundreds of other artists at San Francisco’s Panama-Pacific International Exposition, honoring the opening of the Panama Canal and the rebirth of San Francisco. He gained international recognition with his “South of the Border” exhibition at the Palace of Fine Arts and his massive red mural for the Mexican exhibit in the Palace of Agriculture.

The Submarine Studio diving bell (1915—1925). In late 1915, Tilden traveled to the Hawaiian Islands where he experimented with painting underwater ocean scenes. After near-death experiences swimming with sharks, he built a custom-designed diving bell he called the Submarine Studio, in which he painted about 300 underwater scenes. The artist later published an autobiographical short story, “In the Grip of an Octopus,” describing his experiences with sharks and a giant octopus. His Short Stories

Northern California Alps and the winter of 1922. Tilden battled deep snow and frigid temperatures while painting for months in the Sierra Nevada and later exhibited a series of 100 works known as the “Northern California Alps”collection — arguably the artist’s greatest legacy. He later published an autobiographical short story, “Experiences in the Rugged West,” chronicling an eight-week journey into the high country one winter. His Short Stories

Hollywood years (1923—1925). In early 1923, Tilden moved to Hollywood where he hobnobbed with celebrities and painted portraits of silent film stars. In 1923, he set sail for New Guinea from Los Angeles to paint the headhunters. A classical music aficionado since childhood, Tilden displayed instinctive synethesia qualities, painting in red tones in rhythm to musical accompaniment–becoming known as his “key of red” period.

Marin County years (1925—1930). Tilden returned to Northern California and settled in the town of Mill Valley in Marin County, were he built an enchanting home in Cascade Canyon, featured on the Mill Valley history page on Wikipedia. Divorcing his first wife in 1918 amid widely reported discord, he remarried during his Mill Valley years. He resumed teaching art classes and painted hundreds of landscapes in Marin County, including scenes of Mount Tamalpais, Muir Woods, Tiburon, and Point Reyes.

The Depression, a cross-country tour, and return to the Gold Country (1930—1935). In early 1930, Tilden and his second wife left Mill Valley and embarked on a cross-country tour, securing exhibits in Chicago, Cincinnati, and New York. In 1931, they returned returned to California and spent nine months in a Bootjack mining camp near Yosemite. In 1932, they settled in Georgetown in El Dorado County — a return to the artist’s gold mining roots. In early 1935, Tilden was diagnosed with cancer and died three months later, on April 24, 1935. He is buried in Georgetown’s historic Pioneer Cemetery. His works have been exhibited often since his death. Exhibitions

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Tilden Daken painting on the rim of the World, Lake Arrowhead, 1923.

Tilden Daken painting on the Rim of the World, Lake Arrowhead, 1923.

Tilden Daken painting on the lagoon at the Palace of Fine Arts during the Panama-Pacific International Exposition, San Francisco, 1915.

Tilden Daken painting on the lagoon at the Palace of Fine Arts during the Panama-Pacific International Exposition, San Francisco, 1915.